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Agrovetbuzz Articles

Management of Quick Wilt Disease in Black Pepper

Sharanabasappa*, H. Hanumantappa and Rajesh K. M.
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Kankanady, Mangalore (D.K.)– 575 002, KARNATAKA

Black pepper (Piper nigrum) is a floweringvineknown as queen of spices belongs to thefamily Piperaceae, cultivated for its fruit. It is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning. The fruit, known as a peppercorn is approximately 5 millimetres (0.20 in) in diameter, dark red when fully mature, and it contains a single seed like all drupes,. Peppercorns, and the powdered pepper derived from grinding them, may be described simply as pepper, or more precisely as black pepper, white pepper, or green pepper. Green peppercorns are simply the immature black peppercorns.
Black pepperis native to India and is extensively cultivated in tropical regions. Currently Vietnam is by far the world's largest producer and exporter of pepper, producing 34% of the world's Piper nigrum crop. The second largest country producing pepper is India which contributes 19 per cent to the total worldsproduction.